Impacts of Climate Change and Land Use  on the Southwestern United States
The Arroyo Problem in the Southwestern United States


Arroyos shown on map are listed after their respective references below

Antevs, E. (1952). "Arroyo-cutting and filling." Journal of Geology 60: 375-385. Whitewater Arroyo (Arizona), Santa Cruz River (Arizona), Kanab Creek (Utah).

Bailey, R. W. (1935). "Epicycles of erosion in the valleys of the Colorado Plateau Province." Journal of Geology 43(4): 337-355. Johnson Valley Wash (Utah), Kanab Creek (Utah), Kitchen Valley (Utah), Escalante River (Utah), Bryce Creek Valley (Utah), Johnson Wash (Utah), Virgin River (Utah).

Bailey, R. W. (1941). "Land erosion - normal and accelerated - in the semiarid West." Americal Geophysical Union Transactions (part 2): 240-250. Kanab Creek (Utah), Johnson Valley (Utah).

Baker, V. R., R. C. Kochel, et al. (1988). Flood Geomorphology. Toronto, John Wiley & Sons. Rillito Creek (Arizona).

Balling, R. C. and S. G. Wells (1990). "Historical rainfall patterns and arroyo activity within the Zuni River drainage, New Mexico." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 80(No. 4, December): 603-617. Zuni River (New Mexico), Bossom Wash (New Mexico), Oak Wash (New Mexico), Plumesano Wash (New Mexico), Rio Nutria (New Mexico), Rio Pescado (New Mexico), Knife Hill Canyon (New Mexico).

Bryan, K. (1925). "Date of channel trenching (arroyo cutting) in the arid southwest." Science 62(1607): 338-344. Chaco Canyon Arroyo (New Mexico), Rio Puerco (New Mexico), Tyende Valley (N Arizona, S Utah), Walker Creek (N Arizona, S Utah), Chinle Creek (N Arizona, S Utah), Moenkopi Creek ( N Arizona, S Utah), Rio de Flag (Arizona), Meadow Creek (Utah), Montezuma Canyon (Utah), Santa Cruz River (Arizona), Rillito Creek (Arizona), Pantano Wash (Arizona), Tanque Verde Creek (Arizona), Arivaca Creek (Arizona), San Pedro River (Arizona), Blue River (New Mexico), San Simon Creek (Arizona), Whitewater Draw (Arizona).

Cooke, R. U. and A. Warren (1973). Geomorphology in Deserts. Berkeley, University of California Press. Greene Canal (Arizona).

Cooke, R. U. and R. W. Reeves (1976). Arroyos and environmental change in the American South-West. Oxford, Clarendon Press. San Simon Wash (AZ), Whitewater Draw (AZ), Cienega Creek (AZ), Sonoita (AZ), Altar Wash-Puerocito-Brawley Wash (AZ), Vamori Wash (AZ), Chukut Kuk (AZ), San Simon (AZ), GuAchi Wash (AZ), Ortigallita Creek (CA), Little Panoche Cr (CA), Panoche Cr (CA), Bitterwater Cr (CA), Pajaro R (CA), San Lorenzo Cr (CA), Pine Creek (CA), Cholame Hills tribs. (CA), Estrella R (CA), Estero Bay systems (CA), Arroyo Grande (CA), Cuyama R (CA), Santa Ynez tribs (CA), Santa Clara Barrancas (CA), Arroyo Simi (CA), Los Angeles R (CA), San Jose Cr (CA), San Timoteo Cr (CA).

Cooperrider, C. K. and B. A. Hendricks (1937). Soil erosion and stream flow on range and forest lands of the upper Rio Grande watershed region in relation to land resources and human welfare. Washington D.C., U.S.Department of Agriculture. Galisteo Valley Creek (New Mexico), Rio Salado, (New Mexico), Arroyo Tonque, (New Mexico), Truchas Creek, (New Mexico).

Duce, J. T. (1918). "The effect of cattle on the erosion of canyon bottoms." Science 47(1219): 450-452. Chaquaqua Canyon (Colorado), Purgatoire Canyon (Colorado), Yellow Jacket Canyon (Colorado), Sandstone Canyon (Colorado).

Emmett, W. W. (1974). "Channel aggradation in western United States as indicated by observations at Vigil Network sites." Annals of Geomorphology 21(4): 52-62. Arroyo de los Frijoles (New Mexico).

Graf, J. B. (1991). "Relation of sediment load and flood-plain formation to climatic variability, Paria River drainage basin, Utah and Arizona." Geological Society of America Bulletin 103: 1405-1415. Kaibab Gulch (Utah), Buckskin Gulch (Utah).

Hall, S. A. (1977). "Late Quaternary sedimentation and paleoecologic history of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico." Geological Society of America Bulletin 88(July - December): 1593-1618. Chaco Wash (New Mexico), Gallo Wash (New Mexico).

Hastings, J. R. (1958-9). Vegetation change and arroyo cutting in southeastern Arizona during the past century: an historical review. Tucson, Arizona, Univ. of Ariz. San Pedro Creek (Arizona), Santa Cruz ( Arizona), San Simon (Arizona), Whitewater Draw (Arizona).

Hastings, J. R. and R. M. Turner (1965). The influence of Man: the Anglo-Americans. The changing mile: An ecological study of vegatation change with time in the lower mile of an arid and semiarid region. Tucson, University of Arizona Press: 35-46. San Pedro (Arizona), Santa Cruz (Arizona), Rillito Creek (Arizona), San Simon Creek (Arizona).

Hereford, R. (1993). Entrenchment and widening of the Upper San Pedro River, Arizona. Boulder, Colorado, The Geological Society of America. Upper San Pedro River (Arizona).

Hereford, R., G. C. Jacoby, et al. (1995). Geomorphic history of the Virgin River in the Zion National Park area, southwest Utah. Washington, DC, U.S. Geological Survey. North Fork Virgin River (Utah), East Fork Virgin River (Utah).

Judson, S. (1952). "Arroyos." Scientific American 187: 71-6. Chaco (New Mexico).

Leopold, L. B. (1966). Channel and hillslope processes in a semiarid area New Mexico. Washington, DC, U.S. Geological Survey. Coyote C. Arroyo (New Mexico), Arroyo de los Frijoles (New Mexico), Morning Walk Wash (New Mexico).

Mosley, M. P. (1972). "Evolution of a discontinuous gully system." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 62(4): 655-663. Basin Creek (Colorado).

Patton, P. C. and S. A. Schumm (1981). "Ephemeral-stream processes: Implications for studies of Quaternary valley fills." Quaternary Research 15(1): 24-43. Arroyo Calabasas (New Mexico).

Peterson, H. V. (1950). The problem of gullying in western valleys. Applied Sedimentation. P. D. Trask. New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: 407-434. San Simon (Arizona), Rio Puerco (New Mexico), Jemez (New Mexico), Salado (New Mexico), Santa Cruz (Arizona), San Pedro (Arizona), Mangus (New Mexico), San Simon (Arizona), Five-Mile (Wyoming), Muddy (Wyoming), E-K (Wyoming), Badwater (Wyoming), Fifteen Mile (Wyoming), Pumpkin (Wyoming), Little Powder (Wyoming), Bill Williams River (Arizona), Meadow Valley Wash (Arizona), Virgin River (Arizona), Kanab Creek (Arizona), Sacramento (Arizona), Bouse Valley (Arizona), Snake Creek (Utah), Centennial Wash (Arizona), Deadman's Wash (New Mexico), Jeddito Wash (Arizona), Polacco Gully (Arizona), Keams Canyon Gully (Arizona).

Reagan, A. B. (1924). "Recent Changes in the Plateau region." Science 60(July 4, 1924): 283-285. Laguna Creek (Arizona), Chinle Creek (Arizona), Pueblo Colorado Creek a.k.a. Cottonwood Wash (Arizona).

Rich, J. L. (1911). "Recent stream trenching in the semi-arid prtion of southwestern New Mexico, a result of removal of vegatation cover." American Journal of Science 32(190): 237-45. Cane Spring Canyon (New Mexico).

Thomas, D. S. G. (1989). Arid Zone Geomorphology. New York, Halsted Press. Arroyo de los Frijoles (New Mexico).

Thornthwaite, C. W., C. F. S. Sharpe, et al. (1942). Climate and accelerated erosion in the arid and semi-arid Southwest, with special reference to the Polacca Wash Drainage Basin, Arizona. Washington D.C., U.S. Department of Agriculture. Rillito Creek (Arizona), Mountain Meadow (Utah), Kanab Creek (Utah), Bonito Canyou (Utah), Tyend Valley (Arizona), Laguna Canyon (Arizona), Pantano Wash (Arizona), Wepo Wash (Arizona), Burnt Corn Wash (Arizona), Keams Canyon (Arizona).

Tuan, Y.-f. (1962). "Structure, climate and basin land forms in Arizona and New Mexico." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 52: 56-68. San Pedro River (Arizona).

Tuan, Y.-f. (1966). "New Mexican gullies: a critical review and some recent observations." Association of American Geographers Annals 56(4): 573-597. Chaco Canyon (New Mexico), Rio Puerco (New Mexico), Canadian River (New Mexico), Rio Salado ( New Mexico), Tesuque Creek (New Mexico), Las Jollas Creek (New Mexico).

Womack, W. R. and S. A. Schumm (1977). "Terraces of Douglas Creek, nothwestern Colorado: An example of episodic erosion." Geology 5(February): 72-76. Douglas Creek (Colorado).

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