USGS/NOAA North American Packrat Midden Database (version 3)

Packrat and Other Animal Middens Outside North America

Berry, S.L., 1991, The potential of fossil mammal middens as indicators of vegetation hsitory in central Australia: Australian Journal of Botany, v. 39, p. 305-313.

Betancourt, J.L., Rylander, K.A., Latorre, C., and Maldonado, A., 2001, Late Quaternary vegetation history of Quebrada de Chaco (25°30' S, 2650-3450 m) in the hyperarid transitional zone between summer and winter rainfall regimes, Atacama Desert, Chile, Proceedings from the Central Andean Paleoclimate Workshop, January 11-16th: Tucson, Arizona.

Fall, P.L., 1990, Deforestation in southern Jordan: Evidence from fossil Hyrax middens, in Bottema, S., Entjes-Nieborg, G., and Van Zeist, W., eds., Man's Role in the Shaping of the Eastern Mediterranean Landscape: Balkema, Rotterdam, p. 271-281.

Fall, P.L., Lindquist, C.A., and Falconer, S.E., 1990, Fossil Hyrax middens from the Middle East: A record of paleovegetation and human disturbance, in Betancourt, J.L., Van Devender, T.R., and Martin, P.S., eds., Packrat Middens the Last 40,000 Years of Biotic Change: Unversity of Arizona Press, Tucson, p. 408-427.

Green, N., Caldwell, J., Hope, J., and Luly, J., 1983, Pollen from an 1800 year old stick-nest rat (Leporillus sp.) midden from Gnalta, western New South Wales: Quaternary Australasia, v. 1, no. 1-2, p. 31-41.

Holmgren, C.A., 2000, A Holocene history of the northern Atacama Desert (16 degrees S) from fossil rodent middens: M.S. Thesis, The University of Arizona, Tucson, 36 p.

Holmgren, C.A., Betancourt, J.L., Rylander, K.A., Roque, J., Tovar, O., Zeballos, H., and Linares, E., 2001, Holocene vegetation history from fossil rodent middens near Arequipa, Peru: Quaternary Research, v. 56, p. 242-251.

Latorre, C., Betancourt, J.L., and Arroyo, M.T.K., 2004, Evidence from rodent middens from summer rainfall variability over the last 22,000 years from northern Chile's Rio Salado (22° S), poster presented at AGU Annual Meeting.

Markgraf, V., Betancourt, J.L., and Rylander, K.A., 1997, Late-Holocene rodent middens from Rio Limay, Neuquen Province, Argentina: The Holocene, v. 7, no. 3, p. 325-329.

McCarthy, L., Head, L., and Quade, J., 1996, Holocene palaeoecology of the nothern Flinders Ranges, South Australia, based on stick-nest rat (Leporillus spp.) middens: A preliminary overview: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 123, p. 205-218.

Nelson, D.J., Webb, R.H., and Long, A., 1990, Analysis of stick-nest rat (Leporillus: Muridae) middens from central Australia, in Betancourt, J.L., Van Devender, T.R., and Martin, P.S., eds., Packrat Middens the Last 40,000 Years of Biotic Change: Unversity of Arizona Press, Tucson, p. 428-434.

Pearson, O.P., and Christie, M.I., 1993, Rodent guano (amberat) from caves in Argentina: Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, v. 28, no. 2, p. 105-111.

Pearson, S., and Betancourt, J.L., 2002, Understanding arid environments using fossil rodent middens: Journal of Arid Environments, v. 50, p. 499-511.

Pearson, S., and Dodson, J.R., 1993, Stick-nest rat middens as sources of paleoecological data in Australian deserts: Quaternary Research, v. 39, p. 347-354.

Pearson, S., Lawson, E., Head, L., McCarthy, L., and Dodson, J.R., 1999, The spatial and temporal patterns of stick rat middens in Australia: Radiocarbon, v. 41, no. 3, p. 295-308.

Quade, J., Bird, M.I., and Chivas, A.R., Late Pleistocene and early Holocene stick-nest rat middens from the Gammon Ranges, South Australia, p. 31.

Scott, L., 1990, Hyrax (Procaviidae) and Dassie Rat (Petromuridae) middens in paleoenvironmental studies in Africa, in Betancourt, J.L., Van Devender, T.R., and Martin, P.S., eds., Packrat Middens the Last 40,000 Years of Biotic Change: Unversity of Arizona Press, Tucson, p. 398-407.

Scott, L., and Vogel, J.C., 1992, Short-term changes of climate and vegetation revealed by pollen analysis of hyrax dung in South Africa: Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, v. 74, p. 283-291.

Scott, L., and Vogel, J.C., 2000, Evidence for environmental conditions during the last 20,000 years in southern Africa from 13C in fossil hyrax dung: Global and Planetary Change, v. 26, p. 207-215.


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